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Blog posts of '2013' 'October'

Bit For Cowardice- Wednesday, October 30, 2013

Orya Maqbool Jan in his recent column ’There is a limit of cowardice’ (Buzdilee ki bhi koi had hoti hey) has connected the series of events that has led Musharraf detention & now his rebuttal against the charges. Jan has painted the scenario that was live that time when Musharraf was about to launch operation on Lal Masjid, how different fractions in civil societies including analysts, anchors, fashion personals, and others were insisting to launch operation against Lal Masjid, and linking the inactivity of military operation as a disgrace to Pakistan’s security and government writ. On their demand Musharraf in front of journalists replied ‘If we will act, then do not mess’ and all were peacefully silent on his remarks.

Years gone when Musharraf has been tried in this case, Jan pointed the bravery and courage of the former COAS, and linked to the recent Musharraf’s plead that if he was not involved in that operation.

He further asserted that Musharraf was the one, who for several years defended the military strike on Lal Masjid. Moreover Jan calls all those people who were supporting Musharraf at that time, all has gone silent on this trial, why didn’t they come out and denounce the trial as unfair??

He further expressed his deputation in Iran after international competition. That was a golden opportunity for Jan to make Halal & sufficient money, however he could not remain silent on the injustice & brutality against Lal Masjid & he wrote the word of truth denouncing the operation. Within two and half months he was called off from Iran & this opportunity could not stop him for the calling the word of truth.

Moreover Jan also expressed the conflict of Bugti and his experiences about that and how Musharraf mishandled the whole situation, he expressed his grief for those who were killed unjustly by either of the two camps.

In the last, Jan expressed that how Musharraf & his team had confidently taken the credit of the crimes of American drones, and labeled those as ‘Ababeel’ Swallows & those kids who were martyred as the forces of ‘Abraha’.

The opinion of Orya Maqbool Jan is summarized by Syed Waqas, who is a freelance commentator & active blogger.

U.S & Caliphate: A forgotten History- Wednesday, October 30, 2013

America’s intervention in the Muslim world, since the last three decades has been on a consistent increase. This year alone, America has intensified its military assault, through drones in both Pakistan and Yemen; it has managed to further divide the Muslim world, by dividing Sudan, and has launched another war front in Libya. The rulers of the Muslim world sheepishly give in to America’s dictates, by presenting America’s supremacy as a formidable force that cannot be challenged. This pretext however is only an artificial construct only to ensure their hold on the power.

Not so long ago, the reality was quite different from what we see today. A chapter from History speaks volumes of the strength that the Muslims had, when channeled under a Caliphate state.

In 1783 the first US navy boat started to sail in international waters and within two years was captured by the Ottoman Caliphate’s navy near Algeria. A few years later, in 1793, 12 more US navy boats were captured. In March 1794 the US Congress authorized President Washington to spend up to 700,000 gold coins to build strong steel boats that would resist the Ottoman Caliphate’s navy. However America’s military ventures in international waters were of no match in face of the Caliphate’s navy. Unable to deal with the situation, just a year later the US signed the Barbary Treaty to resolve the threat from the then superpower, i.e. the Caliphate.

The treaty was called ‘Barbary’, as this was the term for the North African wilaya’s of Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli, under the rule of the Ottoman Caliphate.

  • The treaty will cost the US a one off payment of $992,463
  • The American ships captured would be returned and the American Navy was to be given permission to sail in the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
  • In return, the American government would pay $642 000 in equivalent gold.
  • The US would also pay an annual tax (tribute) of $12 000 in gold. The annual tribute would be calculated according to the Islamic calendar and not the Christian calendar
  • $585,000 would be paid for the ransom of the captured American sailors

Moreover, America agreed that a state of the art steel ship would be constructed in U.S and delivered to the Caliphate, with all costs borne by the US in return for privileges. The costs of masts, Yards, and heavy planks, were very costly and so difficult to procure, and then so exceedingly expensive to transport. Once delivered the US had actually paid thirty times their estimated price in the stipulations.

Interestingly, the treaty was written in Turkish and signed by President Washington himself. The treaty with the Caliphate is the only American legal document to ever have been concluded in a foreign language and the only treaty the Americans have ever signed that agrees to pay annual tax to another nation. This treaty continued until the Khilafah was abolished. The Barbary treaty speaks volumes of the military and diplomatic superiority that the Muslims had under the Caliphate.

Although this chapter of history may have been forgotten by many, it still haunts America today. As is evident from various speeches of prominent American politicians. US ex-president Bush spoke of this fear when he expressed his concerns that “This caliphate would be a totalitarian Islamic empire encompassing all current and former Muslim lands, stretching from Europe to North Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia.”

Today when the armies of the Muslim world find themselves entangled in a strained, costly, and counter productive relationship with the U.S, this fact from history might strike a positive chord with many Generals. As history tells, time and again, that when an army finds itself entrapped in subservience of another state, with mistrust at its peak, its Generals are ever-looking forward to standing up on their own feet against the hostile state; and in such a situation the idea of a Caliphate is quite enchanting.

References:
Bush speech
Treaty of Barbary

Tags :  AmericatreatyCaliphate